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SAT写作表达技巧大盘点

很多学生在备考SAT写作时,都认为一定的sat写作技巧十分重要,可是在真正的考试中却难以应用,这主要是因为平时训练的太少。而关于SAT写作技巧,我们为大家整理了以下几点建议和总结,希望对大家有帮助!

简洁的SAT写作技巧

然而一味地追求句子的长度有时反而会牺牲句子的“可读性”,特别是对一些基础一般的学生来说,有时生硬地追求长句反而破坏了句子的句法准确性。下面我们就来看一些例子,体会一些写得并不成功的长句和如何修改的建议:

建议一:避免空洞的单词和词组

1. 一些空洞的单词或词组更本不能为句子带来任何相关的或重要的信息,完全可以被删掉。比如下面的句子:

When all things are considered, young adults of today live more satisfying lives than those of their parents,in my opinion.

这句话当中的“when all things are considered”和“in my opinion”都显得多余。完全可以去掉。改为:Young adults of today live more satisfying lives than their parents.

2. 有些空洞和繁琐的表达方式可以进行替换,例如:

Due to the fact that our grandparents were under an obligation to help their parents, they did not have the options that young people have at this point in time.

“due to the fact that”就是一个很典型的繁琐的表达方式的例子,可以替换,简化为下面的表达方式:

Because our grandparents were obligated to help their parents,they did not have the options that young people have now.

建议二:避免重复

1. 尽量避免重复使用同样的词汇。或者有的时候虽然词汇没有重复,但意思却有重复。这时候可以做一些简化的工作。例如下面这个例子::

The farm my grandfather grew up on was large in size.

Large 对一个farm来说就是size方面的large,所以in size可以去掉,改为:The farm my grandfather grew up on was large.

更简洁的表达方式为:My grandfather grew up on a large farm.

2. 有时一个词组可以用一个更简单的单词来替换,例如:

My grandfather has said over and over again that he had to work on his parents" farm.

这里的over and over again就可以改为repeatedly,显得更为简洁:

My grandfather has said repeatedly that he had to work on his parents" farm.

建议三:选择最恰当的语法结构

选择合适的语法结构可以使句子意思的表达更为精确和简练。虽然语法的多样性也很重要,但选择最恰当的语法结构仍然是更为重要的考虑因素。以下原则是在考虑选择何种语法结构时可以参考的原则:

1. 一个句子的主语和谓语动词应该能够反映句子中的最重要的意思。例如:

The situation that resulted in my grandfather"s not being able to study engineering was that his father needed help on the farm.

从意思上来分析,上面这句话需要表达的重要的概念是“grandfather"s not being able to study”,而在表达这个概念时,原句用的主语是situation,谓语动词是was,不能强调需要表达的重点概念,可以改为下面这句话:My grandfather couldn"t study engineering because his father needed help on the farm.

2. 避免频繁使用“there be”结构,例如下面的句子:

There were 25 cows on the farm that my grandfather had to milk every day. It was hard work for my grandfather.

可以改为:My grandfather worked hard. He had to milk 25 cows on the farm every day.

更简洁的句式为:My grandfather worked hard milking 25 cows daily.

3. 把从句改为短语或单词。例如:

Dairy cows were raised on the farm,which was located100 kilometers from the nearest university and was in an area that was remote.

简介的表达方式为:The dairy farm was located in a remote area, 100 kilometers tothe nearest university.

4. 仅在需要强调宾语而不是主语的时候,才使用被动语态。例如:

In the fall, not only did the cows have to be milked, but also the hay was mowed and stacked by my grandfather"s family.

本句不够简洁的原因是本句的重心应该是“忙碌的家庭-my grandfather"s family”,而使用了被动语态后,仿佛重心变成了cows和hay。下面的表达方式是主动语态,相对来说更简洁一些:In the fall, my grandfather"s family not only milked the cow but also mowed and stacked the hay.

5. 用更为精确的一个动词来代替动词短语,例如下面这句话:

My grandfather didn"t have time to stand around doing nothing with his school friends.

Stand around doing nothing其实可以用一个动词来表达,即loiter:My grandfather didn"t have time to loiter with his school friends.

6. 有时两句话的信息经过组合完全可以用一句话来简练地表达,例如:

Profits from the farm were not large. Sometimes they were too small to meet the expenses of running a farm. They were not sufficient to pay for a university degree.

两句话的信息可以合并为下面这句更为简洁的句子:Profits from the farm were sometimes too small to meet operational expenses, let alone pay for a university degree.

SAT写作技巧解析

1.尽量不要用长句

长句有两个问题:

一是中国学生水平不够,很难写出语法没有错误、意思表达准确的长句,语法错误、几个逗号连用、倒装从句混合是经常的。

二是看essay的人也是人,经常是那种大学生研究生,没人愿意看长句混在一起的文章,短剧更讨人喜欢,并且表达意思更加清晰,准确。

2.细节要注意

出现Mybrother,friend的时候要加上名字,出现university的时候要给上名字,给出事例的时候要给出时间地点人物。

没人愿意看“我的弟弟去了一个大学,然后再大学里交了很多朋友,后来去了公司里那些朋友成为了他的财富”,而“我的弟弟Dan去了Upenn读书,在学校里认识了Jeff、Dennis等好朋友,而他后来去Google公司工作的时候发现了他们成为了自己一生宝贵的财富”比上面那句好了很多。

实在要写流水账也要写出细节和感觉。

3.瞎编要编的像

这和第2点有很多的联系,如果能够抓住细节,无论怎么瞎编都会很像那么回事的。

4.自己的事例难写,最好不要写

5.积累,积累,再积累

例子和描述用的句子都是需要积累的,无论大家的写作基础如何,都需要在SAT写作考试备考中进行一定量的积累。

SAT写作的两大提分技巧解读

下面将分别从篇章和词句两方面为大家总结一些论文写作部分的提分技巧。

一、 篇章方面:

1. 认真审题,确保自己是围绕题目所给的话题展开论述的。这一点是最基本也是最重要的要求,因为跑题意味着你只能拿到零分。

2. 清楚地表达自己的观点。你可以在心里给自己设问:“What do I want people to understand when they finish reading my essay?”这个问题的答案就是你的观点,也就是全文的论点。

3. 花几分钟的时间列提纲。列出你要从哪几个方面或哪几点去证明你的观点,并理顺它们之间的逻辑关系。好的提纲有助于你迅速打开思路,顺利写作,并保证论述紧扣主题。

二、 词句方面:

1. 句式要富于变化。这要求你必须了解简单句(Simple sentences)、并列句(Compound sentences)和复合句(Complex sentences)这三类句法结构的相关知识,并能运用自如。如:

① My best friend lives two blocks away from me. (Simple sentence)

② My best friend lives two blocks away from me, but her house is much nicer than mine. (Compound sentence)

③ Although my best friend lives two blocks away from me, I don’t go to

her house very often. (Complex sentence)

高分论文几乎都具备句式多样化这一特征,因为句式的变化会使文章更加吸引人,也更便于阅读。

2. 用词要清晰、准确、恰当,避免使用抽象和模糊的词或表达。比较下面两句:

① The place where we stopped to eat was full of people dressed up more than we were.

② The restaurant where we stopped for lunch was full of men wearing jackets and ties and women wearing suits and dresses——a noticeable contrast to our jeans and T-shirts.

尽管①句语法正确,但过于笼统,读者并不能明白到底作者说了些什么;而②句使用了更加具体、准确的词,如restaurant,lunch,jackets等,使读者头脑中有清晰的形象感,当然就具备更好的交际功能。

3. 要留点时间复查论文。复查时,快速通读论文,改正一些明显的小错误——也许是某个词用得不太恰当,又或许是某个句子的结构还有问题……总之,尽可能及时纠正那些复查时发现的错误。

以上就是我们带来的关于SAT写作技巧的几点建议和总结,希望对大家有帮助!提醒大家,备考SAT写作时,一定的SAT写作技巧十分重要。

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