- 2018年04月10日00:19 来源：小站整理
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I have already observed that, from their origin, the sovereignty of the people was the fundamental principle of the greater number of British colonies inAmerica.
At the present day the principle of the sovereignty of the people has acquired, in the United States, all the practical development which the imagination can conceive. It is unencumbered by those fictions which have been thrown over it in other countries, and it appears in every possible form according to the exigency of the occasion. Sometimes the laws are made by the people in a body, as at Athens; and sometimes its representatives, chosen by universal suffrage, transact business in its name, and almost under its immediate control.
In some countries a power exists which, though it is in a degree foreign to the social body, directs it, and forces it to pursue a certain track. In others the ruling force is divided, being partly within and partly without the ranks of the people. But nothing of the kind is to be seen in the United States; there society governs itself for itself. All power centres in its bosom; and scarcely an individual is to be meet with who would venture to conceive, or, still less, to express, the idea of seeking it elsewhere. The nation participates in the making of its law by the choice of its legistlators, and in the execution of them by the choice of the agents of the executive government; it may almost be said to govern itself, so feeble and so restricted is the share left to the administration, so little do the authorities forget their popular origin and the power from which they emanate.
The underlined word "execution" most nearly means ___
Choice D is the best answer. In this context, "execution" most nearly means "enforcement," orthe act of carrying something out. When Tocquevillesays that people participate in the making andexecution of laws by appointing officials, he means taht people help to create laws and seethat those laws are carried out.
participate[pɑ:'tisipeit]vt. 分享 vi. 参加，参与联想记忆
control[kən'trəul]n. 克制，控制，管制，操作装置 vt. 控制
govern['gʌvən]vt. 统治，支配，管理，规定vi. 统治，
social['səuʃəl]adj. 社会的，社交的 n. 社交聚会
restricted[ris'triktid]vt. 限制，约束 adj. 受限制的，有限的，保密的
presentation[.prezen'teiʃən]n. 陈述，介绍，赠与 n. [美]讲课，报告联想记忆